COPD: the third leading cause of death

COPD: the third leading cause of death


KROHN UP OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE, COPD, AFFECTS MILLIONS OF AMERICANS EVERY YEAR. HERE IN MICHIGAN WE ARE LUCKY TO HAVE A CENTER THAT SPECIALIZES IN TREATING COPD. I’M JOINED BY JASON BEALL OF SPECTRUM MEDICAL GROUP. WHAT IS COPD? AS YOU SAID, CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. IT INVOLVES INFLAMMATION OF THE AIRWAYS AND DESTRUCTION OF THE AIR SACS WHICH PARTICIPATE IN OXYGENATION OF THE BLOOD. RACHAEL: WHAT ARE SOME OF THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COPD? BREATHLESSNESS, USUALLY WITH EXERTION. PATIENTS WILL ALSO DESCRIBE WHEEZING OR CHEST CONGESTION. RACHAEL: WHAT ABOUT RISK THES, COMMON CAUSES? MOST COMMON CAUSE OF COPD IS CHRONIC SKING OF TOBACCO. OTHER COMMON CAUSES WORLDWIDE ARE INHALATION OF DUST AND CHEMICALS, COOKING OVER AN OPEN FIRE, SOME GENETIC ABNORMALITIES THAT CAN INCREASE YOUR RISK. IN THIS COUNTRY, IT IS LOOKING TOBACCO. RACHAEL: IT SEEMS LIKE THERE IS A DECREASE IN SMOKING. THAT IS VERY HEARTENING TO DOCTORS AROUND THE COUNTRY BUT USUALLY IT TAKES YEARS TO SEE THE EFFECTS OF THE DISEASE. WE ARE HOPING THAT THE REDUCTION TODAY WILL REDUCE COPD IN THE YEARS TO COME. RACHAEL: WHAT ABOUT SECONDHAND SMOKE? BOTH PRIMARY SMOKING AS WELL AS SECONDHAND CAN INCREASE YOUR RISK. RACHAEL: I WOULD IMAGINE, WHO SHOULD BE TESTED FOR COPD, SOMEONE WHO IS A SMOKER OR A FAMILY MEMBER, TENDS TO BE AROUND A SMOKER. OTHERS AS WELL? THOSE EXPOSURES ARE THE RISK FACTORS. BREATHLESSNESS WHEN YOU EXERT YOURSELF, MAYBE YOU CANNOT KEEP UP WITH PEOPLE YOUR AGE THAT YOU WOULD EXPECT TO KEEP UP WITH, SYMPTOMS OF WHEEZING, COUGHING. RACHAEL: SOMEONE IS TESTED, AND DIAOSIS IS MADE. HOW DOES THE TREATMENT USUALLY OCCUR? UNFORTUNATELY, IT IS AND REVERSIBLE DEASE, WE CANNOT SHARE IT. THE GOAL IS TO MAXIMIZE PEOPLE’S BREATHING QUALITY. THAT IS USUALLY DONE WITH INHALERS. WE CAN GIVE OXYGEN THERAPY TO DECREASE THAT FEELING OF EATHLESSNESS. AND YOU CAN ALSO LEARN TO EXERCISE AND BREATHE. RACHAEL: AND YOU CAN HAVE A NORMAL LIFE. IF YOU ARE A RUNNER OR ATHLETE, IT IS NOT THE MOST CONVENIENT THING. OUR GOAL IS TO NORMALIZE THEIR BREATHING AS MUCH AS WE CAN UNDERSTANDING THAT WE CANNOT REVERSE THE PROCESS. RACHAEL: WHAT IF SOMEBODY AT HOME IS THINKING THAT THEY COULD BE EXCUSING THIS OR KNOW SOMEBODY THAT COULD BE. WHAT IS YOUR RECOMMENDATION? THE CONVERSATION SHOULD BEGIN WITH YOUR PRIMARY CARE DOCTOR. IF THEY FEEL UNCOMFORTABLE OR THE DISEASE SEEMS ADVANCED, THEY CAN OR FOR YOU TO A PULMONOLOGIST OR A LONGTIME HER. THEN WE CAN TALK ABOUT YOUR EXPECTATIONS AND TREATMENT OPTIONS. RACHAEL: WE HAVE SOME CONTACT INFORMATION THAT WE CAN ALSO PUT ONLINE IF ANYONE HAS QUESTIONS. THANKS FOR STOPPING BY AND GIVING US THE INFORMATION.

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